This information merchandise results from a holiday mix-instance studies of these three qualitative instance training. The original knowledge, presented by several experts of your latest report, investigated the type, factors, and you may consequences out-of child marriages and you will unions within the Brazil, Guatemala, and you may Honduras. Because these was one of the primary studies on the LAC region, they certainly were wide for the seeking to understand relationships techniques. In every about three, however, both institution and public norms consistently played a task during the child marriage ceremonies and you can unions. Types of analysis collection and you will investigation to the about three scientific studies are summarized inside Desk 2 and generally are informed me when you look at the greater detail in the the appropriate publications , , , .
Drawing in the dynamic construction plus Graham and you may Leal’s theorization toward service, i used a vacation data data of your around three completely new research sets to understand more about connections and dating certainly one of girls’ agency and you can personal norms. We assessed the information and knowledge within the themes “agency” and you may “social norms” as they got came up when you look at the brand new analysis during the for each and every investigation. Plus looking at head interview transcripts, i gone back to analytic memos you to explained conclusions from the three instances based on agencies and you can social norms, pursuing the a normal practice from inside the supplementary get across-case analyses . Cross-thematic models was in fact identified within each study, right after which, results have been compared and you may in comparison. We aimed to grow principle out of how norms and agencies come together inside contributing on the, sustaining, and you may mitigating child marriages and unions.
Over the three settings, readily available federal top analysis ( Table step one ) report high costs regarding man marriage ceremonies and unions and you will frequency rates aligned having participants’ own perceptions. However, girls, parents, and you may people professionals similar failed to trust a personal standard lived one in person supported man relationships. That’s, there clearly was zero injunctive norm that girls would be to get married in advance of turning 18. Not merely is indeed there no such as for instance standard but participants’ own perceptions were and against the habit, which is, it in person opposed kid relationship.
How would this new routine continue, following, and that was the part away from personal norms inside the preserving they? When you find yourself there was no norm truly support man marriage ceremonies and you will unions, we receive a network regarding norms suggesting just what girls/women and you may people must do that indirectly produce relationship. Interestingly, the program regarding norms was thus strong which trumped man’s private attitudes, resulting in girls’ marriage no matter if none it nor their mothers anticipated its early matrimony to begin with.
A main finding from all of these knowledge is the fact girls exercised agencies, within program off norms, with techniques one to led to their marriage ceremonies and you will unions. Right here, i report on three ways where personal norms and you may girls’ agency intersected regarding investigation countries: (1) social norms managing girls’ appropriate tips on group of provider contributed to their take action off “oppositional” agency; (2) public norms marketed male dominance and you can girls’ “accommodating” agency; and(3) ladies exercised “transformative” institution to withstand dangerous societal norms, leading to the development of several brand new norms one to favored girls’ sexual and reproductive wellness.
Public norms and you can girls’ oppositional agency
Along side degree, i found that girls had been exercise their institution from inside the oppositional indicates that contributed to boy matrimony and you may unions. Inside Brazil, girls and young women spoke off marrying boys to exit the home regarding supply. In their mind, relationship is also known as a chance to search liberty of limiting norms you to definitely limited the actions, strategies, relationships, and you can sexuality. New restrictions one to parents apply girls’ versatility was indeed mainly motivated of the parents’ concerns for family unit members profile, especially the care and attention you to definitely the girl do conceive beyond wedding otherwise an even more standard standard you to unmarried women from the house was “loose” otherwise “offered.” Because of the contrary its parents’ control of its sexuality (indirect, injunctive norms) or criterion which they will be conform to sex norms so you can prioritize marital and maternal roles, lady joined toward unions (hence exercise oppositional agencies).